Hydration Drink Powder

TORQ Hydration (formerly TORQ Hypotonic) is a very lightly flavoured hydrating drink mix, which has been formulated to optimise fluid and electrolyte delivery over any other factor.

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Product Highlights

  • Multiple Transportable Carbohydrates
  • Part of the TORQ Fuelling system
  • Contains 5 key electrolytes
  • Fastest possible hydration
  • Superior to electrolyte tabs
  • Suitable for Vegans

Product Summary

Please Note: TORQ Hydration is the new name for TORQ Hypotonic. The name and branding has changed, but the product is exactly the same.

TORQ Hydration is presented either as a 6-sachet multipack (2 sachets of each flavour – each sachet making 500ml), which includes a TORQ Drinks Bottle, as a pouch of 10 single-flavour sachets, or as a pouch containing 540g of Hydration powder and a scoop – enough to make 30 X 500ml drinks.

TORQ Hydration is an advanced hypotonic formulation specifically aimed at optimising hydration where events/sessions are no more than an hour long, and heavy sweat loss is anticipated. TORQ Hydration can also be used as part of the TORQ Fuelling System during longer events, but we discuss alternative options a little further on.

Each TORQ Hydration serving contains only 15grams (0.5 TORQ Units) of carbohydrate, so is very light on calories (60 kCals per 500ml), which means that achieving optimal fuelling for longer durations using this product alone is literally impossible as it would require consuming 2-3 litres of fluid! It is therefore essential that you read and understand the TORQ Fuelling System and consume enough of TORQ’s solid fuelling units – TORQ Gel, TORQ Bar and TORQ Chew – if you are going to use TORQ Hydration as a means of delivering fluid during extensive endurance sessions.

Our advice for longer efforts, where fuelling is required as well as hydration, is to use TORQ Energy as your drink source, because the isotonic nature of this product will provide a better balance between fuelling and hydration – that said, the choice is clearly yours, as long as you understand that your goal in the endurance scenario is to consume 2-3 TORQ Units per hour. Some people will prefer the lighter flavour and mouthfeel of TORQ Hydration, and that’s fine as long as you understand the Fuelling System rules! Ultimately, using TORQ Hydration as your fluid delivery source during longer efforts will require a greater consumption of the concentrated TORQ fuelling units.

Product Usage

TORQ Hydration is supplied either in individual sachets or as loose powder with a scoop. 1 sachet or 1 scoop makes 500ml of TORQ Hydration.

Pour contents of sachet or scoop into 500ml of water. If using a 500ml bottle, be sure to leave a small amount of air space to facilitate mixing. Shake vigorously and top up with water if necessary. Don’t add water to powder, add powder to water.

Technical Information

For any drink/solution to be effective in hydrating us, it must be rapidly absorbed into the body. One of the main factors affecting how quickly solutions are absorbed, is the speed at which it can move across the wall of the small intestine and into the blood stream. Fluids are absorbed into the body almost exclusively in the small intestine, via two main mechanisms; passive transport, and facilitated transport.

Passive Transport

Here, water moves across the small intestine as a result of an osmotic gradient, which is a result of a pressure difference between the solution in the small intestine and blood stream. Water molecules move across semi permeable membranes (the intestinal wall) through channels called aquaporins. The animation below demonstrates the passive transport process:

Facilitated Transport

Water can also enter the body in the small intestine as a result of the absorption of carbohydrate and sodium, through the process of cotransport. Carbohydrates, such as glucose, are absorbed into the body via a specific transporter called sodium-glucose cotransporter 1, or SGLUT1 for short. These transporters act as a conveyor belt for glucose and sodium, moving them across the small intestine without the need for an osmotic gradient. As carbohydrate and sodium is moved through the SGLUT1 transporter, it also drags with it large volumes of fluid, significantly assisting in hydration. For every single glucose molecule (and 2 sodium molecules) that is moved by SGLUT1, 260 water molecules are moved with it (Loo, Zeuthen, Chandy, & Wright, 1996: Reference 5). The animation below demonstrates the facilitated transport process working in conjunction with passive transport:

A hypotonic solution represents the fastest possible way to hydrate: In situations where perspiration rates are extremely high over short periods of exercise (up to 60 minutes), including indoor turbo/gym interval sessions, spinning classes and short competitions in extreme heat, replenishing fluids with TORQ Hydration will deliver superior performance over any other fuelling/hydration strategy.

A hypotonic solution offers significant benefits over electrolyte tablets: We have been particularly vocal on this website about the misselling of electrolyte tablets for a variety of reasons. Please take the time to click HERE to read our very popular article. In summary, we complained about the fact that these tablets don’t do what the user might perceive they’re going to do. They contain ZERO carbohydrate, so can only provide a passive transport mechanism for hydration. As demonstrated above, carbohydrate is required to engage facilitated transport.

The fact that the electrolyte tablets contain no carbohydrates, means that they need to be artificially sweetened, which we at TORQ are heavily opposed to. They also contain effervescent agents, which aren’t required if the drink is supplied as a powder rather than a tablet. Many drinks, including these tablets, also contain colours, which we also refuse to entertain at TORQ.

Our main complaint about the marketing of electrolyte tablets was and still is that zero carbohydrate means zero fuelling benefit and this isn’t being made clear to customers in our opinion. TORQ Hydration contains 15g of multiple-transportable carbohydrates (60 Kcals) per serve. We make it abundantly clear that this isn’t enough to optimally fuel for longer performances (one would need to drink 3 litres of it to fuel optimally) – it is however a lot better than zero carbohydrate.

In summary, electrolyte tablets won’t hydrate you very well, or fuel you at all and contain sweeteners, so what do they actually do? If hydration is your overriding goal, use TORQ Hydration on the basis that it will do the job properly. If you are exercising for longer than an hour, or have a heavy training schedule, consult the TORQ Fuelling System and choose products that are appropriate for your objectives. You can always drop us a line, or pick up the phone and talk to us if you’re confused, it’s all part of the service we offer.

Pure Water

In case you were wondering, pure water is a particularly poor hydrator. Plain water causes bloating due to poor absorption and also suppresses the thirst reflex, leading to decreased desire to drink. It also stimulates urine output and is therefore, inefficiently retained within the body. The carbohydrate and electrolytes in TORQ Hydration overcome all of these problems.

Multiple Transportable Carbohydrates

TORQ Energy utilises a 2:1 blend of glucose-derivatives and fructose founded on a now substantial body of peer-reviewed published research (see bottom of this page for details). The carbohydrate sources for TORQ Hydration come from glucose and fructose (via sucrose and dextrose). This dual-delivery carbohydrate formulation has been proven beyond doubt to supply energy faster than any other combination of carbohydrates or single carbohydrate source formulations. Take a look at the two very short movie clips below, which demonstrate how 2:1 Glucose-Derivatives:Fructose deliver over 40% more carbohydrate to the blood per hour than single glucose sources (the next best option).


TORQ Fuelling System

We accept that some of our customers may prefer the lighter flavours that our TORQ Hydration Drink has to offer over TORQ Energy Drink, yet may also want to use it on longer efforts along with our other fuelling products.

To understand more about the TORQ Fuelling System, please click HERE.

You may want to simplify the TORQ Fuelling System further by effectively keeping fuelling and hydration separate – and this is the key difference/benefit to using TORQ Hydration as part of the TORQ Fuelling System rather than our energy drink.

As TORQ Hydration has a very low carbohydrate content, it is literally impossible to over-fuel with it. In order to achieve an intake of 90g of carbohydrate per hour through TORQ Hydration alone, you would need to drink an enormous 3 litres! It would be rare to need to consume more than a litre of fluid per hour in most endurance environments and since we know that a litre of TORQ Hydration will deliver 30g of carbohydrate, a valid approach to fuelling when using TORQ Hydration would be to consume 2 further concentrated TORQ Units per hour (either gels bars or chews). In other words, you could set a reminder on your watch or phone to beep every 30 minutes, at which point you would consume a gel, bar or chew. Your hydration would then be a separate entity and you would simply drink TORQ Hydration to thirst.

Consuming 1 litre of TORQ Hydration along with a concentrated fuelling unit every 30 minutes would provide you with the optimal 90g of carbohydrate per hour (3 TORQ Units).

If you were to drink only 500ml of TORQ Hydration in an hour, with this approach you would take on board 75g of carbohydrate per hour, but this is still a very good level of fuelling. It would still sit within the 2-3 TORQ Units per hour range and would put you somewhere between Intermediate and Advanced on the ‘Easy as 1 2 3’ scale (see TORQ Fuelling System)

In particularly hot conditions, if you were consuming as much as 1.5 litres of fluid per hour, you could simply throttle back your concentrated fuel ingestion to 1 TORQ Unit every 45 minutes. This would give you around 70g of carbohydrate per hour, again putting you into the 2-3 TORQ Units per hour range.

With runners, we recommend adapting the TORQ Fuelling System in this way and using either TORQ Hydration or plain water in combination with a regular intake of concentrated fuelling units (usually gels), because this will allow you to take on water at feed stations during events to satisfy your hydration needs, whilst ensuring you take on board the correct amount of fuel. TORQ Hydration is available in sachet form and can be added to a 500ml bottle of water at a feed station if perspiration rates are particularly high and the need for electrolyte intake becomes significant.

The video below explains this concept clearly, although please note that any references to ‘TORQ Hypotonic’ actually refer to ‘TORQ Hydration’ as we recently re-branded TORQ Hypotonic to TORQ Hydration.

For cyclists or people taking part in other endurance sports, there’s no reason why you couldn’t adopt this system too – the great thing about the TORQ Fuelling System is that it is hugely adaptive and the products you choose to take on board to fuel and hydrate yourself can come down to preference. Just stick to the key principles and choose the products you prefer to use.


Nutritional Information

Nutritional Information for all flavours of TORQ Hydration are supplied under this tab.

Lemon Flavour

Ingredients: Sucrose, Dextrose, Citric Acid, Natural Flavouring (3%), Electrolytes (Sodium, Chloride, Calcium Lactate, Potassium Chloride, Magnesium Carbonate).

per 18g per 100g
Energy (kJ/kCal) 258/61 1434/337
Fat (g) 0 0
Of which Saturated (g) 0 0
Carbohydrate (g) 15 84
Of which Sugars (g) 15 82
Fibre (g) 0 0
Protein (g) 0 0
Chloride (mg) 481 2670
Sodium (mg) 275 1526
Potassium (mg) 63 350
Calcium (mg) 37 206
Magnesium (mg) 6 32

Allergen-Free: No gluten containing ingredients used.

Tangerine Flavour

Ingredients: Sucrose, Dextrose, Citric Acid, Natural Flavouring (3%), Electrolytes (Sodium, Chloride, Calcium Lactate, Potassium Chloride, Magnesium Carbonate).

per 18g per 100g
Energy (kJ/kCal) 262/62 1455/342
Fat (g) 0 0
Of which Saturated (g) 0 0
Carbohydrate (g) 15 85
Of which Sugars (g) 15 83
Fibre (g) 0 0
Protein (g) 0 0
Chloride (mg) 481 2670
Sodium (mg) 275 1526
Potassium (mg) 63 350
Calcium (mg) 37 206
Magnesium (mg) 6 32

Allergen-Free: No gluten containing ingredients used.

Watermelon Flavour

Ingredients: Sucrose, Dextrose, Citric Acid, Natural Flavouring (3%), Electrolytes (Sodium, Chloride, Calcium Lactate, Potassium Chloride, Magnesium Carbonate).

per 18g per 100g
Energy (kJ/kCal) 262/62 1455/342
Fat (g) 0 0
Of which Saturated (g) 0 0
Carbohydrate (g) 15 85
Of which Sugars (g) 15 83
Fibre (g) 0 0
Protein (g) 0 0
Chloride (mg) 481 2670
Sodium (mg) 275 1526
Potassium (mg) 63 350
Calcium (mg) 37 206
Magnesium (mg) 6 32

Allergen-Free: No gluten containing ingredients used.

Please note: The nutritionals stated per 500ml to 1000ml are mixed at the recommended 3% hypotonic solution. The 100g figure represents the nutritional content of the dry powder before mixing.

Research References

  1. Baker, L., Jeukendrup, AE. (2014)
    Optimal Composition of Fluid-Replacement Beverages. Comprehensive Physiology, 4:575-620.
  2. Meinild, A.K., Klaerke, D., Loo, D.D.F et al (1998)
    The human Na+/glucose cotransport is a molecular water pump. Journal Physiology. 508:15-21.
  3. Thomson, A.B., Keelan, M., Thiesen, A., Clandinin, M.T., Ropeleski, M., Wild, G.E. (2001)
    Small bowel review: Normal Physiology Part 1. Dig Dis Sci. 46(12):2567-87.
  4. Shi, X., & Passe, D. H. (2010)
    Water and solute absorption from carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions in the human proximal small intestine: a review and statistical analysis. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 20(5), 427-42.
  5. Loo, D. D., Zeuthen, T., Chandy, G., & Wright, E. M. (1996)
    Cotransport of water by the Na+/glucose cotransporter. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 93(23), 13367-13370.
  6. Stellingwerff, T & Cox, GR. (2014)
    Systematic review: Carbohydrate supplementation on exercise performance or capacity of varying durations. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2014 Sep;39(9):998-1011.
  7. Wilson. PB., Ingraham, SJ. (2015)
    Glucose-fructose likely improves gastrointestinal comfort and endurance running performance relative to glucose-only. Scand J Med Sci Sports. [Epub ahead of print].
  8. Currell, K & Jeukendrup, A.E. (2008)
    Superior endurance performance with ingestion of multiple transportable carbohydrates. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 40(2):275–81.
  9. Triplett, D., Doyle, D., Rupp, J., Benardot, D. (2010)
    An isocaloric glucose-fructose beverage’s effect on simulated 100-km cycling performance compared with a glucose-only beverage. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 20(2):122–31
  10. Tarpey, M.D., Roberts, J.D., Kass, L.S., Tarpey, R.J., Roberts, M.G. (2013)
    The ingestion of protein with a maltodextrin and fructose beverage on substrate utilisation and exercise performance. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 38(12):1245–53.
  11. Rowlands, D.S., Swift, M., Ros, M., Green, J.G. (2012)
    Composite versus single transportable carbohydrate solution enhances race and laboratory cycling performance. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 37(3):425–36.
  12. Baur, D.A., Schroer, A.B., Luden, N.D., Womack, C.J., Smyth, S.A., Saunders, M.J. (2014)
    Glucose-fructose enhances performance versus isocaloric, but not moderate, glucose. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 46(9):1778–86.
  13. Rowlands, D.S., Thorburn, M.S., Thorp, R.M., Broadbent, S.M., Shi, X. (2008)
    Effect of graded fructose co-ingestion with maltodextrin on exogenous 14C-fructose and 13C-glucose oxidation efficiency and high-intensity cycling performance. J Appl Physiol. 104:1709–19.
  14. O’Brien, W.J & Rowlands, D.S. (2011)
    Fructose-maltodextrin ratio in a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution differentially affects exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rate, gut comfort, and performance. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 300(1):G181–9.
  15. O’Brien, W.J., Stannard, S.R., Clarke, J.A., Rowlands, D.S. (2013)
    Fructose–maltodextrin ratio governs exogenous and other CHO oxidation and performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 45(9):1814–24.
  16. Rowlands, D.S., Swift, M., Ros, M., Green, J.G. (2012)
    Composite versus single transportable carbohydrate solution enhances race and laboratory cycling performance. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 37(3): 425-436.
  17. Smith, J.W., Pascoe, D.D., Passe, D., Ruby, B.C., Stewart, L.K., Baker, L.B., et al. (2013)
    Curvilinear dose-response relationship of carbohydrate (0–120 g·h−1) and performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 45(2):336–41.
  18. Roberts, J.D., Tarpey, M.D., Kass, L.S., Tarpey, R.J., Roberts, M.G. (2014)
    Assessing a commercially available sports drink on exogenous carbohydrate oxidation, fluid delivery and sustained exercise performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 11(1):1–14.
  19. Jentjens, R.L., Underwood, K., Achten, J., Currell, K., Mann, C.H., Jeukendrup, A.E. (2006)
    Exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rates are elevated after combined ingestion of glucose and fructose during exercise in the heat. J Appl Physiol. 100(3):807–16.
  20. Jeukendrup, A.E & Moseley, L. (2010)
    Multiple transportable carbohydrates enhance gastric emptying and fluid delivery. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 20(1):112–21.
  21. Davis, J.M., Burgess, W.A., Slentz, C.A., Bartoli, W.P. (1990)
    Fluid availability of sports drinks differing in carbohydrate type and concentration. Am J Clin Nutr. 51(6):1054–7.
  22. Jentjens, R.L., Venables, M.C., Jeukendrup, A.E. (2004)
    Oxidation of exogenous glucose, sucrose, and maltose during prolonged cycling exercise. J Appl Physiol. 96(4):1285–91.
  23. Jentjens, R.L., Achten, J., Jeukendrup, A.E. (2004)
    High oxidation rates from combined carbohydrates ingested during exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 36(9):1551–8.
  24. Wallis, G.A., Rowlands, D.S., Shaw, C., Jentjens, R.L., Jeukendrup, A.E. (2005)
    Oxidation of combined ingestion of maltodextrins and fructose during exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 37(3):426–32.
  25. Jentjens, R.L., Moseley, L., Waring, R.H., Harding, L.K., Jeukendrup, A.E. (2004)
    Oxidation of combined ingestion of glucose and fructose during exercise. J Appl Physiol. 96(4):1277–84.
  26. Jentjens, R.L & Jeukendrup, A.E. (2005)
    High rates of exogenous carbohydrate oxidation from a mixture of glucose and fructose ingested during prolonged cycling exercise. Brit J Nutr. 93:485–92.
  27. Fuchs, C.J., Gonzalez, J.T., Beelen, M., Cermak, N.M., Smith, F.E., Thelwall, P.E., Taylor, R., Trenell, M.I., Stevenson, E.J., van Loon, L.J. (2016)
    Sucrose ingestion after exhaustive exercise accelerates liver, but not muscle glycogen repletion compared with glucose ingestion in trained athletes. J Appl Physi. [Epub ahead of print].

For reviews see…

Jeukendrup, A.E. (2010). Carbohydrate and exercise performance: the role of multiple transportable carbohydrates. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. Jul;13(4):452-7.

Rowlands, D.S., Houltham, S., Musa-Veloso, K., Brown, F., Paulionis, L., Bailey, D. (2015). Fructose-Glucose Composite Carbohydrates and Endurance Performance: Critical Review and Future Perspectives. Sports Med. Nov;45(11):1561-76.